WHO IS A REFUGEE
A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war, or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Most likely, they cannot return.
WHO IS A MIGRANT
Migrants choose to move not because of a direct threat of persecution or death, but mainly to improve their lives by finding work, or in some cases, for education, family reunion, or other reasons.
WHO IS AN INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSON (IDP)
An internally displaced person (IDP) is a person who has been forced to flee his or her home for the same reason as a refugees, but remains in his or her own country and has not crossed an international border. Unlike refugees, IDPs are not protected by international law or eligible to receive many types of aid. As the nature of war has changed in the last few decades, with more and more internal conflicts replacing wars among countries, the number of IDPs has increased significantly.
WHO IS A STATELESS PERSON
A stateless person is someone who is not a citizen of any country. Citizenship is the legal bond between a government and an individual, and allows for certain political, economic, social and other rights of the individual, as well as the responsibilities of both government and citizen. A person can become stateless due to a variety of reasons, including sovereign, legal, technical or administrative decisions or oversights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights underlines that “Everyone has the right to a nationality.”
WHO IS AN ASYLUM SEEKER
When people flee their own country and seek sanctuary in another country, they apply for asylum – the right to be recognized as a refugee and receive legal protection and material assistance. An asylum seeker must demonstrate that his or her fear of persecution in his or her home country is well-founded.
WHAT IS RESETTLEMENT
Resettlement is the transfer of refugees from an asylum country to another State that has agreed to admit them and ultimately grant them permanent settlement.
**Of the 14.4 million refugees of concern to UNHCR around the world, less than one per cent have submitted for resettlement.
WHAT IS REPATRIATION
Repatriation is the process of returning a person to their place of origin or citizenship. This includes the process of returning refugees or military personnel to their place of origin following a war.