WOMEN AT RISK
Women and girls comprise about half of any refugee, internally displaced, or stateless population.
In the world’s conflict zones, 10 million girls are not in school; girls account for only 30 percent of refugees enrolled in secondary school.
Worldwide, 50% of victims of sexual violence are 15 years old or younger.
More than 60 million girls and young women in developing countries – some as young as 10 years old – get married before the age of 18.
Young brides are more likely to experience gender-based violence, to drop out of school, and to contract sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.
The risk of pregnancy-related death is twice as high for girls ages 15-19 years old and five times higher for girls ages 10-14 years compared to women ages 20-29 years old.
CHILDREN AT RISK
In 2014, 51% of refugees were under 18 years old.
Between 2 million and 3 million Syrian children are not attending school. The U.N. children’s agency says the war reversed 10 years of progress in education for Syrian children.
Warring parties forcibly recruit children to serve as fighters, human shields, and in support roles, according to the US State Department.
Children are far more susceptible to malnutrition and diseases brought on by poor sanitation in refugee camps, including diarrheal diseases like cholera. Cold weather increases the risk of pneumonia and other respiratory infections.
LGBTI AT RISK
LGBTI is an acronym for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex.
LGBTI Syrians experience homophobic brutality by ISIS and are often arrested, blackmailed, tortured or killed in areas controlled by Islamist rebels.
The White House rejected demands to reserve 500 slots for LGBTI people among the anticipated additional 10,000 Syrian refugees.
Each refugee applicant is considered for US resettlement based upon the merits of his or her individual claim, which could include persecution based on being LGBTI.
The US State Department began using a new interpretation of the word ”spouse.” It now includes same-sex partners of refugees, a subtle but significant shift in policy to help lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people seeking asylum in the United States.